Jacques Cousteau Son: Philippe Pierre Cousteau was a French diver, sailor, pilot, photographer, author, director, and cinematographer with a background in oceanography. He specialised in environmental issues. He was Jacques Cousteau’s second son via Simone Melchior.
Cousteau was an expert at filming from the air, land, and sea. Throughout his career, he was the primary cinematographer for the majority of Cousteau’s films; he was nominated for and won numerous honours.
Philippe Cousteau was born in Toulon and made his first dive using an aqua-lung in 1945 when he was four years old. His father brought home a tiny prototype of the aqua-lung he and another co-inventor had developed a few years before. Philippe, despite the fact that he had not yet learnt to swim, followed his father into the sea. He spent each summer vacation as a child on his father’s ship, the RV Calypso.
As a teenager, he developed a need to explore. While his father followed the horizon on the sea, Philippe Cousteau dreamed of seeking horizons in the sky and began studying aerodynamics at the age of 16, initially flying gliders and then getting his aircraft pilot licence at a young age.
Cousteau served in the French Navy for two years during the Algerian war as a sonar operator and member of the Le Normand ship’s landing party. He later earned a degree in science from MIT and then moved to Paris to study cinematography, graduating from I’École technique de photographie et de cinéma (now called École nationale supérieure Louis-Lumière).
“Our mission was to act as eyes for people who were unable to go. We would be like knights-errant, travelling the world and delivering their King Middle Eastern legends. Except in our situation, we would be reporting to millions of people, not just one.”
Cousteau was an Oceanaut on the Conshelf III in 1965, an undersea habitat for saturated diving down to 325 feet on the Mediterranean island of Ile Levant. Along with his duties as Oceanaut, Cousteau was an underwater photographer who shot all of the underwater footage for a 1966 National Geographic documentary film.
Cousteau made an appearance as himself on the CBS quiz programme, To Tell the Truth on 28 March 1966. He earned three of the panel’s four potential votes.
Cousteau joined his father on the RV Calypso in February 1967 for a trip to photograph the sharks of the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean. Along with being the expedition’s primary photographer, Cousteau recorded his experiences in the 1970 book The Shark: Splendid Savage of the Sea.